Salman Rushdie is a British Indian novelist and essayist. His second novel, ‘Midnight’s Children’, won the Booker Prize in 1981. Much of his fiction is set on the Indian subcontinent. He combines magical realism with historical fiction; his work is concerned with the many connections, disruptions, and migrations between Eastern and Western civilizations. His fourth novel, ‘The Satanic Verses’, was the subject of a major controversy, provoking protests from Muslims in several countries. In 1983, Rushdie was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. He was appointed Commandeur de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres of France in January 1999. In June 2007, Queen Elizabeth II knighted him for his services to literature. In 2008, The Times ranked him thirteenth on its list of the 50 greatest British writers since 1945. Since 2000, Rushdie has lived in the United States. In 2012, he published ‘Joseph Anton: A Memoir’, an account of his life in the wake of the controversy over ‘The Satanic Verses’.
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